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Aside from ponds, there are many great ideas for additional features which can enhance the appeal of your water garden.

Bridges are classic.  Even if you have a very small water garden, a tiny bridge can be built over any amount of water.  Often times the bridges are wider than they are long, only crossing a 1.5 to 2 feet of water.

Sphere fountains, or kugelbrunnen, are fountains with a sphere, usually made of stone, matched to a circular hole in a surface, with water being pushed into the circular hole from below.  This causes the water to seep out from all the way around the sphere, causing it to “float” and often times will spin or rotate on it’s own.  The water coming out from under the sphere can become part of another fountain below, or go right back into the sphere’s pool.

Fountains come in many variations, like the one above, which are so wildly different from each other that they effectively are totally different types of water features.  Some fountains spray water upwards, while others just let it flow downward from a small pool.

A personal favorite of mine are the fountains which are built into a pond or large pool, which just spray water up in a constant pattern.  Some of these can move and create moving patterns in the air all on their own.

Waterfalls are a staple in any water garden, but even here there are so many possibilities.  From a few stacked pieces of slate rock, to toweringly tall formed rock-falls, there is really no limit to the options for waterfalls.  You can even have your waterfall proudly display the fact that it’s man-made, with the look and style of an ancient aqueduct.

There are even many ways to combine waterfalls with fountains.  The top of your waterfall can be a pool with a fountain spraying upward.  Or a more exotic idea would be to have a stream type fountain shooting water out of the main body of water into an elevated pool, which then lets the water fall back down into the pool.

Another twist on waterfalls and fountains is a water wall.  A water wall is a vertically flat surface which has water flowing evenly down it’s entire surface.  Depending on the volume of water, it could appear to merely be a shiny wall, but with more flow the water movement can clearly be seen.

Moving fountains.  There are a few variations of moving fountains.  The most recognizable is a water wheel, where the water flows down over the wheel, causing it to turn.  Another related type is one which I don’t know the name of.  There are many variations of it, but essentially water fills a hinged container until it reaches a tipping point and dumps the water out.  This can repeat, falling into subsequent containers.

Fish also count as a water feature in my book.  The bigger the better.  A large pond with large koi is my ideal paradise.  Many types of fish are available for water gardens.

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